Chloroquine is the generic form of the brand-name prescription medicine Aralen, which is used to prevent and treat malaria — a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite — and to treat amebiasis, an infection of the intestines caused by a parasite. This medicine is also sometimes given off-label to help the following conditions: Also, let your doctor know if you drink large amounts of alcohol before starting on this medicine. Medication for prevention and treatment of chloroquine-resistant malaria Does plaquenil work Chloroquine is a chemotherapeutic that was introduced in the 1940s. For many years the drug was the foremost treatment of malaria, being effective and producing few side effects. First, sporozoites enter the bloodstream, and migrate to the liver. They infect liver cells, where they multiply into merozoites, rupture the liver cells, and return to the bloodstream. The merozoites infect red blood cells, where they develop into ring forms, trophozoites and schizonts that in turn produce further merozoites. Chloroquine remains the treatment of choice for vivax malaria, except in Indonesia's Irian Jaya Western New Guinea region and the geographically contiguous Papua New Guinea, where chloroquine resistance is common up to 20% resistance. Chloroquine resistance is an increasing problem in other parts of the world, such as Korea and India. Keep all appointments with your doctor and laboratory. Your doctor will probably want to order frequent tests to check your body's response to chloroquine. Chloroquine merozites Chloroquine Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -, Malaria - Wikipedia Hydroxychloroquine prononciationChloroquine brand name in pakistanAralen malaria dosis Before the administration of chloroquine, the patient had only a mild skin erythema in the irradiated area, which was consistent with the radiotherapy dose she had received. On day 3 of chloroquine therapy, she developed localized brisk bullous eruptions in the irradiated area, which developed into a patch of fulminant moist desquamation. Chloroquine Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term.. Plasmodium vivax - Wikipedia. Malaria MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. The dosage of Chloroquine phosphate is often expressed in terms of equivalent Chloroquine base. Each 500 mg tablet of Chloroquine phosphate contains the equivalent of 300 mg Chloroquine base. In infants and children the dosage is preferably calculated by body weight. May 07, 2013 Chloroquine affects neither sporozoites nor liver-stages, but kills only asexual forms in erythrocytes once released from the liver into the circulation. Consequently, CPS immunization exposes the host to antigens from both preerythrocytic and blood stages, and induced immunity might target either of these stages. Sep 23, 2019 Mefloquine is a prescription medicine used to prevent and treat malaria. Malaria can be a life-threatening infection. Mefloquine does not work for all types of malaria. It is not known if Mefloquine is safe and effective in children under 6 months old for the treatment of malaria.