Her rheumatologist instructed her to undergo a baseline ocular examination prior to initiating Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine, Sanofi-Aventis) therapy. Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use (at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d.), its visual impact can be devastating. Lysosomes ph and the antimalarial action of chloroquine Hydroxychloroquine sulfate overdose Plaquenil skin rash Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine is in a class of drugs called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, which are used to decrease inflammation, pain and joint damage. While today it is used to treat autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, it was originally used as an anti-malaria drug. What is Plaquenil or hydroxychloroquine? Hydroxychoroquine is an oral medication used for the treatment of rheumatologic conditions like lupus systemic lupus erythematosus – SLE, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. PLAQUENIL is indicated for the treatment of chronic discoid lupus erythematosus and systemic lupus erythematosus in adults. Rheumatoid Arthritis. PLAQUENIL is indicated for the treatment of acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis in adults. CONTRAINDICATIONS. Use of PLAQUENIL is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to 4 Initially, central visual acuity may be unaffected, but the patient may notice related paracentral scotomas that often interfere with reading. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy (ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area). Plaquenil guidelines for eye monitoring 2016 Retinal Physician - New Screening Guidelines for., Plaquenil - Eye Doctor MD Hydroxychloroquine prescribing information Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. It is now considered for new disease applications in diabetes, heart disease and adjunct cancer therapies 2. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and.. PLAQUENIL HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, USP DESCRIPTION. Wrong Hydroxychloroquine Dose Is Common, Putting Eyes at.. Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Pattern of Retinopathy Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian. Screening guidelines were updated this year, with some pertinent changes for our profession to note. Cumulative dose is no longer a risk factor, but more of a tool in the screening of our patients. My Take on New Ocular Screening Guidelines for Plaquenil By Sergio Schwartzman, MD 12 October 2016 A recent article published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology AAO presented new recommendations for screening of patients being managed with hydroxychloroquine HCQ.